Shofar of Eliyah

The Lunar Shabbat Lie...

Shofar of Eliyah
What I Believe...
My Testimony...
Moedim, Feast's of YHVH!!!
CONTEXT PLEASE...
Who is True Yisrael???
The First Resurrection...
Mashiyach & Torah are Echad...
Not So New, New Covenant...
New Converts and Torah...
Mashiyach & Torah for ALL...
The Lunar Shabbat Lie...
The Name of G-d...
Clean & Unclean Animals...
Yeshua is MarYaH...
YHVH in Human Form???
Shaul & Galatians 5...
Tzit Tzit & Torah Tees By Eliyah...

This article is a rebuttal to a new teaching called the lunar Shabbat.

 

I will be quoting from the following book:

 

PROOF: Weekly Sabbath Days

Are Determined by the Moon

By Arnold Bowen & Matthew Janzen

 

I will be dealing primarily with one of the statements that the authors make about a certain Jewish historian named Philo of Alexandria.  I will highlight in red some key points!!!

 

Here is the quote:

 

CHAPTER THIRTEEN

 

Philo the Jew

 

Seeing that no one reading this book was alive or existed in person at the time of the Apostles, except in the loins or D.N.A. of our ancestors, we must turn to people’s writings that were there, to see how certain people practiced certain Biblical customs. One of the most important historians that we find is a man by the name of Philo, and is known as Philo the Jew. The question we must ask ourselves is why is Philo of such importance?

In the quest for historical evidence as it relates to this subject, we have noticed that those who support Saturday Sabbaths do not often mention Philo. The writings of Philo are very important for establishing Jewish practice and belief both before and during the Messiah’s time here on earth. Philo lived from approximately 20 BCE until about 50 CE. Thus, his lifetime spanned not only the years prior to the Messiah’s birth, but also the years following His resurrection (not to mention the years in between). The evidence reveals that Philo’s beliefs were representative of those of Judaism during that period. Philo, who was born and raised in Alexandria, Egypt, was one of more than 100,000 Jews living in that city. When the prefect Flaccus initiated a massacre of the Jews in the year 39 CE, Philo was selected to head the Jewish delegation that went to Rome to plead their case before Gaius Caligula. Please pause for a moment and reflect on the significance of Philo’s having been chosen from among his peers for such a monumental task. Would Philo have been chosen for such a mission if his practice and beliefs had not squared with those of normative Judaism? No, he would not have been chosen unless his views matched those of his peers. We know from Philo’s writings that he did observe Lunar Sabbaths. If normative Judaism had practiced "Saturday Sabbaths" while Philo in opposition observed "Lunar weeks and Sabbaths," would this detail have affected their decision to select him to lead a delegation to Rome? There is no question, Sabbath observance is one of the most distinguishing marks of the Hebrews. For Philo to have "gone against the grain" of Judaism with regard to Sabbath observance would have signaled a break with Judaism. We can thus discern that if Philo observed the lunar weeks and Sabbath by the phases of the moon each week, so did the rest of his fellow Jews, including our Savior because there was no controversy between our Savior and the Jews in the writings of the New Testament concerning the weekly Sabbath.  We believe Philo did an excellent job of explaining how the weeks are connected to the moon, which a few, but not all, are covered in this chapter. We feel that a major blow to Saturday sabbatarian theology involves that which Philo left out of his writings pertaining to a regularly re-occurring Saturday Sabbath without any interruption whatsoever. Not once did Philo mention another week other than the lunar cycle in determining the Sabbath day. In fact, the word Saturday or Saturn’s day isn’t mentioned even once in Philo’s entire book. This is significant, as elsewhere in Philo’s writings, he devotes much space to discussing the cycle of the moon and the number 7. In fact, Philo lists the day of the new moon as one of the major feasts. Yet, he never counted the new moon when counting the 28 days of the four weeks or four Sabbaths each month because the new moon day was a separate feast altogether, and was not included in the working days. We find it to be very interesting that Philo mentioned the moon and its phases of waxing and waning in his commentary regarding the weekly Sabbath. In his writings, Philo distinguishes new moon observance as a separate feast from the weekly Sabbath, and that is why he never includes the new moon in counting out the weeks.

 

The above quote is the entire page of 52 from Arnold Bowen’s book.

 

It seems that the lunar shabbaters place a lot of credence in Philo of Alexandria, while they dismiss many other historians that do not believe as they do.

I am surprised that they fail to mention what Philo actually thought about Shabbat and the New Moon.

 

I will provide the writings that they say do not exist.  Here is their quote from their book, “We feel that a major blow to Saturday sabbatarian theology involves that which Philo left out of his writings pertaining to a regularly re-occurring Saturday Sabbath without any interruption whatsoever

 

I will also show that Philo recorded that the New Moon was when the first sliver of the Moon was seen!!! NOT conjunction as is taught by the lunar shabbaters.

 

I would question the lunar shabbaters as to why they do not believe any of the other historians; probably because they do not line up with their false belief system.

 

What is even more bothersome is the fact that Philo does record what Shabbat was, along with when and what the New Moon was!!!  Why don’t the lunar shabbaters quote these words of Philo; maybe because these recordings of Philo do not fit their lunar Shabbat belief system???   

 

Philo of Alexandria

 

Here is a direct link to where I got the information on Philo of Alexandria:

 

http://www.earlyjewishwritings.com/text/philo/book28.html

 

What does Philo say about Shabbat? Let’s read:

 

The second festival is the seventh day, which the Hebrews in their native language call the sabbath.

 

SACRED SEVENTH DAY AFTER EACH RECURRING INTERVAL OF SIX DAYS

THE SECOND FESTIVAL

XV. (56) But after this continued and uninterrupted festival which thus lasts through all time, there is another celebrated, namely, that of the SACRED SEVENTH DAY AFTER EACH RECURRING INTERVAL OF SIX DAYS, which some have denominated the virgin, looking at its exceeding sanctity and purity. And others have called the motherless, as being produced by the Father of the universe alone, as a specimen of the male kind unconnected with the sex of women; for the number seven is a most brave and valiant number, well adapted by nature for government and authority. Some, again, have called it the occasion, forming their conjectures of that part of its essence which is appreciable only by the intellect, from the objects intelligible to their outward senses. (57) For whatever is best among the objects of the external senses, the things by means of which the seasons of the year and the revolutions of time are brought to perfection in their appointed order, partake of the number seven. I mean that there are seven planets; that the stars of the Bear are seven, that the Pleiads are seven, and the revolutions of the moon when increasing and waning, and the orderly well-regulated circuits of the other bodies, the beauty of which exceeds all description. (58) But Moses, from a most honourable cause, called it consummation and perfection; attributing to the number six the origination of all the parts of the world, and to the number seven their perfection; for the number six is an oddeven number, being composed of twice three, having the odd number for the male and the even number for the female, from the union of which, production takes place in accordance with the unalterable laws of nature. (59) But the number seven is free from all such commixture, and is, if one must speak plainly, the light of the number six; for what the number six engendered, that the number seven displayed when brought to perfection. In reference to which fact it may properly be called the birthday of the world, as the day in which the work of the Father, being exhibited as perfect with all its parts perfect, was commanded to rest and abstain from all works. (60) Not that the law is the adviser of idleness, for it is always accustoming its followers to submit to hardships, and training them to labour, and it hates those who desire to be indolent and idle; at all events, it expressly commands us to labour diligently for six days, {9}{#ex 20:9.} but in order to give some remission from uninterrupted and incessant toil, it refreshes the body with seasons of moderate relaxation exactly measured out, so as to renew it again for fresh works. For those who take breath in this way, I am speaking not merely about private individuals but even about athletes, collect fresh strength, and with more vigorous power, without any shrinking and with great endurance, encounter everything that must be done. (61) And the works meant are those enjoined by precepts and doctrines in accordance with virtue. And in the day he exhorts us to apply ourselves to philosophy, improving our souls and the dominant part of us, our mind. (62) Accordingly, on the seventh day there are spread before the people in every city innumerable lessons of prudence, and temperance, and courage, and justice, and all other virtues; during the giving of which the common people sit down, keeping silence and pricking up their ears, with all possible attention, from their thirst for wholesome instruction; but some of those who are very learned explain to them what is of great importance and use, lessons by which the whole of their lives may be improved. (63) And there are, as we may say, two most especially important heads of all the innumerable particular lessons and doctrines; the regulating of one's conduct towards God by the rules of piety and holiness, and of one's conduct towards men by the rules of humanity and justice; each of which is subdivided into a great number of subordinate ideas, all praiseworthy. (64) From which considerations it is plain that Moses does not leave those persons at any time idle who submit to be guided by his sacred admonitions; but since we are composed of both soul and body, he has allotted to the body such work as is suited to it, and to the soul also such tasks as are good for that. And he has taken care that the one shall succeed the other, so that while the body is labouring the soul may be at rest, and when the body is enjoying relaxation the soul may be labouring; and so the best lives with the contemplative and the active life, succeed to one another in regular alternations. The active life having received the number six, according to the service appointed for the body; and the contemplative life the number seven, as tending to knowledge and to the perfecting of the intellect.

 

What does Philo say about the New Moon? Let’s read:

 

The third is that which comes after the conjunction, which happens on the day of the new moon in each month.

 

FIRST OF ALL, BECAUSE IT IS THE BEGINNING OF THE MONTH” AND “AT THE TIME OF THE NEW MOON, THE SUN BEGINS TO ILLUMINATE THE MOON WITH A LIGHT WHICH IS VISIBLE TO THE OUTWARD SENSES, AND SHE DISPLAYS HER OWN BEAUTY TO THE BEHOLDERS

THE THIRD FESTIVAL

XXVI. (140) Following the order which we have adopted, we proceed to speak of the third festival, that of the NEW MOONFIRST OF ALL, BECAUSE IT IS THE BEGINNING OF THE MONTH, and the beginning, whether of number or of time, is honourable. Secondly, because at this time there is nothing in the whole of heaven destitute of light. (141) Thirdly, because at that period the more powerful and important body gives a portion of necessary assistance to the less important and weaker body; for, AT THE TIME OF THE NEW MOON, THE SUN BEGINS TO ILLUMINATE THE MOON WITH A LIGHT WHICH IS VISIBLE TO THE OUTWARD SENSES, AND SHE DISPLAYS HER OWN BEAUTY TO THE BEHOLDERS. And this is, as it seems, an evident lesson of kindness and humanity to men, to teach them that they should never grudge to impart their own good things to others, but, imitating the heavenly bodies, should drive envy away and banish it from the Soul.{17}{sections 142-144 were omitted in Yonge's translation because the edition on which Yonge based his translation, Mangey, lacked this material. These lines have been newly translated for this volume.} (142) The fourth reason is that of all the bodies in the heaven, the moon traverses the zodiac in the least appointed time: it accomplishes its orbit in a monthly interval. For this reason the law has honored the end of its orbit, the point when the moon has finished at the beginning point from which it began to travel, by having called that day a feast so that it might again teach us an excellent lesson that in the affairs of life we should make the ends harmonious with the beginnings. This will happen if we hold the reins on our first impulses with the power of reason and do not permit them to refuse the reins and to run free like animals without anyone in charge of the herd. (143) With regard to the benefits which the moon provides to all on earth, why is it necessary to run through and detail them? Their proofs are obvious. Or isn't it by its waxings that rivers and springs overflow, and again by its wanings that they diminish; that seas sometimes retreat and are drawn down through their ebb and flow, and at other times suddenly run full through the tide; that the air experiences all sorts of shifts in the form of clear weather, cloudy weather, and other changes? Don't the fruits of cultivated crops and trees grow and come to maturity through the orbits of the moon which nurses and ripens each of the growing crops through dewladen and very gentle breezes? (144) But this is not the appropriate occasion, as I said, to speak at length about the praise of the moon by running through and enumerating the benefits which it provides to animals and to all on the earth. For these reasons and others similar to them, the new moon has been honored and taken its place among the feasts.

 

My conclusion is that Philo recorded that Shabbat is the, “SACRED SEVENTH DAY AFTER EACH RECURRING INTERVAL OF SIX DAYS” Arnold Bowen states the opposite, “We feel that a major blow to Saturday sabbatarian theology involves that which Philo left out of his writings pertaining to a regularly re-occurring Saturday Sabbath without any interruption whatsoever”  Philo also records that the first visible Crescent of the Moon is the New Moon, which is also the beginning of the Month, “FIRST OF ALL, BECAUSE IT IS THE BEGINNING OF THE MONTH” and “AT THE TIME OF THE NEW MOON, THE SUN BEGINS TO ILLUMINATE THE MOON WITH A LIGHT WHICH IS VISIBLE TO THE OUTWARD SENSES, AND SHE DISPLAYS HER OWN BEAUTY TO THE BEHOLDERS”!!!

 

With this said, I would highly urge Arnold Bowen, Matthew Janzen, and all others that are spreading this false doctrine to repent!!! This doctrine is not Scriptural, nor is it historically accurate!!! You are causing many to stumble, and break YHVH’s Shabbat!!!

 

Baruch Haba B’Shem YHVH!!!

 

Eliyah Ben Yisrael

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Shofar of Eliyah What I Believe... My Testimony... Moedim, Feast's of YHVH!!! CONTEXT PLEASE... Who is True Yisrael??? The First Resurrection... Mashiyach & Torah are Echad... Not So New, New Covenant... New Converts and Torah... Mashiyach & Torah for ALL... The Lunar Shabbat Lie... The Name of G-d... Clean & Unclean Animals... Yeshua is MarYaH... YHVH in Human Form??? Shaul & Galatians 5... Tzit Tzit & Torah Tees By Eliyah...